Vinoba Bhave (India): Founder and leader of the Land Gift Movement, he caused the redistribution of more than 7,000,000 acres of land to aid India's untouchables and landless.
Dr. Maria Montessori (Italy): Developed the Montessori approach to early childhood education.
Susan B. Anthony (U.S.): Fought for Women's Rights in the United States, including the right to control property and helped spearhead adoption of the 19th amendment.
Section 2: The Entrepreneurial Life
Part 2: Social Entrepreneurs
Social entrepreneurs can be distinguished from “regular” entrepreneurs because social entrepreneurs have a primary concern of seeing a change in some negative aspect of society while “regular” entrepreneurs are primarily concerned about making a profit.
The creation of this course as part of a broader business curriculum was part of a social entrepreneurial dream—to empower young people to change their world, economically and spiritually.
Examples of social entrepreneurship abound. The Ashoka Organization lists six historical examples of social entrepreneurs who changed the world:
Investopedia defines a Social Entrepreneur this way: “A person who pursues an innovative idea with the potential to solve a community problem. These individuals are willing to take on the risk and effort to create positive changes in society through their initiatives.
Examples of social entrepreneurship include microfinance institutions, educational programs, providing banking services in underserved areas and helping children orphaned by epidemic disease. The main goal of a social entrepreneur is not to earn a profit, but to implement widespread improvements in society. However, a social entrepreneur must still be financially savvy to succeed in his or her cause.”
Florence Nightingale (U.K.): Founder of modern nursing, she established the first school for nurses and fought to improve hospital conditions.
John Muir (U.S.): Naturalist and conservationist, he established the National Park System and helped found The Sierra Club.
Jean Monnet (France): Responsible for the reconstruction of the French economy following World War II, including the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The ECSC and the European Common Market were direct precursors of the European Union.
Challenge: Social Entrepreneur Report
Research and report on a social entrepreneur who made definite positive changes to society through an entrepreneurial venture. What motivated them to embark on their venture? Summarize their achievements in 250 – 300 words and list the main lesson that others could learn from their endeavor.